The Book of 1 Samuel: History of Israel & Kingship

The books of 1 and 2 Samuel used to be one book. The writer wrote the book in the *Hebrew language.

240 Days Bible Reading Table for 1 Samuel:




Reading Date


1 Samuel 1 to 6

Woman of Sorrowful Spirit, Hannah had no Children, Result of Wrong Parenting

11th December 2019


1 Samuel 7 to 11

 Secret for Victory, Samuel's Pleadings, Samuel Address at Saul’s Coronation

12th December 2019


1 Samuel 12 to 14

Leader With Integrity, Life lessons from Jonathan and Saul 

13th December 2019


1 Samuel 15 to 18

To Obey Is Better Than Sacrifice, Saul Spares King Agag, Samuel went to Bethlehem 

14th December 2019


1 Samuel 19 to 23

God do not judge as man judges, World's True Nobility, Elah to the Cave of Adullam 

15th December 2019


1 Samuel 24 to 27

David Spares Saul's Life, The shepherd in Abigail's speech, David Allied with the Philistines

16th December 2019


1 Samuel 28 to 31 and 2 Samuel 1 

How To React When Criticized, Greatness of prophet Samuel, David Was Greatly Distressed

17th December 2019

Introduction to 1 Samuel
Many years later, men translated the Bible into the Greek language (the language of the *New Testament). These men divided this book into two parts.

The name of the book comes from the first important person in this book. He was Samuel the *prophet. But Samuel did not write the book. He died before the end of it.

We do not know who wrote the book. The author lived after King Solomon had died in about 930 BC (930 years Before Christ).

After Solomon died, the country of *Israel divided into two countries, *Israel and *Judah.

The country of *Judah included the *tribes of *Judah and Benjamin (see 1 Kings 12:1-24).

In 1 and 2 Samuel the author often refers to *Judah as a country.

In those days, the kings and leaders employed writers. They wrote about the events in their country. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events.

2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts.

The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king.

The judges had led the *Israelites for about 350 years after the death of Joshua. During this time the *Israelites called their leaders ‘judges’.

Samuel was the last of the judges. He was also a *prophet and a priest. Samuel *anointed Saul, the first king of *Israel.

But Saul did not obey God. So, God chose another king, David, who would obey him. 1 Samuel ends with the death of Saul. The book of 2 Samuel records the life of David as king.

Selvin Brother

Hannah's journey from anguish to joy

Hannah, in anguish, prayed for a boy, stating that she would give him to the Lord (1 Sam 1:11). And God answered her prayers in the process of time (1 Sam 1:20).

We don't know how long this took but it was a process initiated by God and in His time, He answered her prayer. Have you been praying for something in bitterness of soul like Hannah? Don't give up. Everything has to go through a process and in His time, your prayer will be answered.

Samuel was a Levite and so belonged to God but he would normally have served Him only for 20 years at the tabernacle (Num 4:3). Hannah lent him to the Lord all the days of his life from the day he was weaned (between 2 and 4 yrs).

This was a great sacrifice indeed. My son is 22 and I worry about him as he's so far from home; I cannot imagine my state if I lived in Hannah's time - no fast transportation, no phones or internet. And I definitely would have looked for a way to modify my vow if I was Hannah!!

But Hannah didn't waver in her vow. When the child was weaned (2-5 yrs), she took him to Shiloh and handed him over to Eli with a song in her heart and on her lips. She exemplifies 2 Cor 9:7; "Each of you should give what you have decided in your heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver."

What is beautiful here is God's response. She gave Samuel to the Lord. HE gave her 5 in return (1 Sam 2:21). Whatever we give God, He multiplies and returns (Luke 6:38).

Hannah's faith is inspiring. She offered her anguish to God in faith and He gave her joy; she gave her son to God and HE gave her 5 children; she gave a toddler to God and HE transformed him into one of the most important prophets of Israel.

Our God is in control; He takes what we give Him in faith and uses it for His glory. Stay blessed.


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Books of 1 Samuel

  • 1 Samuel 1 to 6
    Here Hannah introduces herself as the woman of sorrowful spirit. What is the reason for that? 1 Samuel 1:1-18 1. She didn't have a child…
  • Result of Wrong Parenting
    Eli was the high priest in Shiloh. He is from the tribe of Levi, acted as Judge and High Priest in Israel for 40 years.…
  • 1 Samuel 7 to 11
    For deliverance from the Philistines Israelites had to get rid of idols, Ashtoreths, commit themselves to the Lord and serve Him. Then Samuel cried unto…
  • 1 Samuel 12 to 14
    "Come, let us go over to the outpost of those uncircumcised fellows".... "Nothing can hinder God from saving whether by many or by few" 1…
  • 1 Samuel 15 to 18
    We see from 1 Samuel 15:22. that "To Obey Is Better Than Sacrifice". Amalekites attacked Israelites without any reason as they traveled from Egypt to…
  • When the prophet Samuel went to Bethlehem
     "But the Lord said to Samuel," Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature------ but the Lord looks on the…
  • 1 Samuel 19 to 23
    ➰ Repaying Evil for Good Just the fact that people praised David more because of his victory over Goliath hatred towards David sprang up in…
  • The World's True Nobility
    1 Samuel 20 How often those who trusted the word of God, though in themselves utterly helpless, have withstood the power of the whole world:…
  • 1 Samuel 24 to 27
    David saw himself as GOD’s servant. A servant does not act independent of his master. A servant waits for instruction from his master on when…
  • Trust God and wait instead of trusting your heart and take wrong decision
    When Good People Make Wrong Decisions. But David thought to himself, "One of these days I will be destroyed by the hand of Saul. The…
  • 1 Samuel 28 to 31
    David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of stoning him. But David Found Strength In The Lord His God Then David said to…

The purpose of this programme is to read and study Bible in 240 days from 20th Oct. 2019 to 15th June 2020. Please share us if you found any unrelated information. Inviting you to join our 240 Days Bible Reading WhatsApp Group 3947 Pray for the group members 💒

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